Machine learning-driven multidimensional imaging analysis of reactive and neoplastic lymph nodes

Duration: January 2020 – January 2023

Funded by Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)

Combining two-dimensional histological sections, three-dimensional immune-histological sections, and four-dimensional moving lymphocytes, with the aid of machine learning methods (e.g., to address small data sets, incorporate a priori knowledge), Patho234 will produce a realistic human lymph node model consisting of exact tissue and cell structure measurements. This lymph node model will provide insight into inflammatory and neoplastic diseases, both of which impact the immune system in distinct ways. Furthermore, it will be used to build on promising first applications of machine learning methods on histopathology in new (three and four) dimensions.

Project partners:

  • Prof. Martin-Leo Hansmann (Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies and Goethe University Frankfurt),
  • Prof. Frederick Klauschen (Charité University Medicine),
  • Prof. Klaus-Robert Müller (Technical University of Berlin), and
  • Dr. Wojciech Samek (Fraunhofer HHI).


Hägele, M., Seegerer, P., Lapuschkin, S., Bockmayr, M., Samek, W., Klauschen, F., Müller, K.-R., Binder, A. (2019). Resolving Challenges in Deep Learning-Based Analyses of Histopathological Images using Explanation Methods. Preprint at arXiv:1908.06943.
Samek, W., Müller, K.R. (2019). “Towards Explainable Artificial Intelligence,” in Samek, W., Montavon, G., Vedaldi, A., Hansen, L.K., Müller, K-R. (eds.). Explainable AI: Interpreting, Explaining and Visualizing Deep Learning. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Springer, 11700: 5-22.