Recent publications

August 2021

Explain and Improve: LRP-Inference Fine Tuning for Image Captioning Models

Jiamei Sun, Wojciech Samek, Alexander Binder, Sebastian Lapuschkin

This paper analyzes the predictions of image captioning models with attention mechanisms beyond visualizing the attention itself. We compare the interpretability of attention heatmaps systematically against the explanations. We demonstrate that...


August 2021

Clustered Federated Learning: Model-Agnostic Distributed Multi-Task Optimization under Privacy Constraints

Felix Sattler, Klaus-Robert Müller, Wojciech Samek

Federated learning (FL) is the most widely adopted framework for collaborative training of deep learning models under privacy constraints. Albeit its popularity, it has been observed that FL yields suboptimal results if the clients’ data...


August 2021

S-Band Transmission with Off-the-Shelf C-Band Components Enabled by Nonlinear Predistortion based on Coherent System Identification

Robert Emmerich, Colja Schubert, Carsten Schmidt-Langhorst, Ronald Freund, Robert Elschner, Isaac Sackey, Mustafa Sezer Erkilinc, Matheus Ribeiro Sena

Nonlinear Predistortion based on Coherent System Identification Text: In order to cope with the rapid traffic growth and as well reducing the cost-per-bit, reuse of the legacy optical fiber infrastructure is one of the main objectives for...


August 2021

Enabling S-C-L-Band Systems with Standard C-Band Modulator and Coherent Receiver using Nonlinear Predistortion

Robert Emmerich, Colja Schubert, Carsten Schmidt-Langhorst, Ronald Freund, Robert Elschner, Isaac Sackey, Matheus Ribeiro Sena

To counteract the forthcoming capacity crunch in optical networks by increasing the throughput over already existing fiber infrastructures, innovative approaches are required. Multiband systems are an interesting approach to address this issue....


August 2021

Zero on Shape: A Generic 2D-3D Instance Similarity Metric learned from Synthetic Data

Maciej Janik, Peter Eisert, Anna Hilsmann, Niklas Gard

We present a network architecture which compares RGB images and untextured 3D models by the similarity of the represented shape. Our system is optimised for Zero-Shot retrieval, meaning it can recognise shapes never shown in training


July 2021

Focused LRP: Explainable AI for Face Morphing Attack Detection

Clemens Peter Seibold, Peter Eisert, Anna Hilsmann

The task of detecting morphed face images has becomehighly relevant in recent years to ensure the security of automaticverification systems based on facial images, e.g.automated border control gates. Detection methods basedon Deep Neural Networks...


July 2021

Validation of two Techniques for Intraoperative Hyperspectral Human Tissue Determination

Eric Wisotzky, Peter Eisert, Anna Hilsmann, Florian Uecker, Philipp Arens, Benjamin Kossack

In this paper, we introduce and validate two different hyperspectral intraoperative imaging setups and their use for the analysis of optical tissue properties. First, we present an improved multispectral filter-wheel setup integrated into a fully...


July 2021

Fiber-based Frequency Modulated LiDAR With MEMS Scanning Capability for Long-range Sensing in Automotive Applications

Sarah Cwalina, Volker Jungnickel, Patrick Runge, Ronald Freund, Christoph Kottke, Pascal Rustige, Thomas Knieling, Shansan Gu-Stoppel, Jörg Albers, Norman Laske, Frank Senger, Lianzhi Wen, Fabio Giovanneschi, Erdem Altuntac, Avinash Nittur Ramesh, Maria Antonia Gonzalez Huici, Andries Küter, Sangeeta Reddy

Safe operation of driver assistance systems remains a challenge, especially at higher speeds. It requires sensor technology that is capable of detecting surrounding conditions even at large distances. LiDAR technology is a cornerstone of this...


July 2021

All-Indoor Optical Customer Premises Equipment for Fixed Wireless Access

Dominic Schulz, Volker Jungnickel, Ronald Freund, Christoph Kottke, Peter Hellwig, Julian Hohmann, Ralf-Peter Braun, Frank Geilhardt

We demonstrate an LED-based optical wireless link for fixed wireless access applications, at data rates of 1.5 Gbit/s over 50 m. The design is robust against vibration and the infrastructure module can be deployed, e.g., at a lamppost with no...


July 2021

Overview of the Neural Network Compression and Representation (NNR) Standard

Heiner Kirchhoffer, Karsten Müller, Werner Bailer, Fabien Racape, Wojciech Samek, Shan Liu, Miska M. Hannuksela, Paul Haase, Hamed Rezazadegan-Tavakoli, Francesco Cricri, Emre Aksu, Wei Jiang, Wei Wang, Swayambhoo Jain, Shahab Hamidi-Rad

Neural Network Coding and Representation (NNR) is the first international standard for efficient compression of neural networks. The NNR standard contains quantization and an arithmetic coding scheme as core encoding and decoding technologies, as...


June 2021

Multiparametric MRI for characterization of the basal ganglia and the midbrain

Till M. Schneider, Jackie Ma, Patrick Wagner, Nicolas Behl, Armin Michael Nagel, Mark E. Ladd, Sabine Heiland, Martin Bendszus, Sina Straub

In this joint work with the University of Heidelberg, German Cancer Research Center, University Hospital of Erlangen we showed that multimodal quantitative MR enabled excellent differentiation of a wide spectrum of subcortical nuclei with...


June 2021

Exploring Button Designs for Mid-air Interaction in Virtual Reality: A Hexa-metric Evaluation of Key Representations and Multi-modal Cues

Carlos Bermejo, David Przewozny, Paul Chojecki, LIK-HANG Lee, Pan Hui

The continued advancement in user interfaces comes to the era of virtual reality that requires a better understanding of how users will interact with 3D buttons in mid-air. Although virtual reality owns high levels of expressiveness and...


June 2021

Tunable DBR Laser with Integrated Optical Isolator

Conradi, Hauke

Integration of a tunable DBR laser with an optical isolator in a polymer platform achieves 38 dB isolation over 17 nm tuning range and 5.6 mW output power. This is the first demonstrated integration of a DBR laser together with an optical...


June 2021

Photoconductive THz Sources Driven at 1550 nm

E.R. Brown, A. Steiger, Björn Globisch, Daniel Segovia-Vargas, A. Rivera

In this book chapter we review photoconductive (PC) terahertz (THz) sources in the 1550-nm region. We contrast the two most common types of devices in the context of the two common implementations as PC switches and photomixers. We also...


June 2021

Inverse-Designed InP-Based Polarization Rotator-Splitter

Hendrik Boerma

A size-reduced InP-based inverse-designed polarization rotator splitter is presented, being the first demonstration of a topology optimized passive waveguide component on InP. The manufactured device has extinction ratios >10dB for both...


May 2021

Distributed Multiuser MIMO LiFi Networks for Industrial Wireless Communication

Kai Lennert Bober, Volker Jungnickel, Christoph Kottke, Dominic Schulz, Malte Hinrichs, Sreelal Maravanchery Mana, Sepideh Mohammadi Kouhini

LiFi exhibits characteristics that make it highly suitable as a wireless communication technology for industrial applications. As such, LiFi provides deterministic propagation, the potential for very high data density, use of license-free...


May 2021

CFD: Communication-Efficient Federated Distillation via Soft-Label Quantization and Delta Coding

Felix Sattler, Wojciech Samek, Arturo Marban, Roman Rischke

Communication constraints prevent the wide-spread adoption of Federated Learning systems. In this work, we investigate Federated Distillation (FD) from the perspective of communication efficiency by analyzing the effects of active...


May 2021

Serial Data Transmission at 224 Gbit/s Applying Directly Modulated 850 nm and 910 nm VCSELs

N. Ledentsov Jr., Volker Jungnickel, Christoph Kottke, Jörg-R. Kropp, J.P. Turkiewicz, Nikolai N. Ledentsov, R. Freund, Lukasz Chorchos, V. A. Shchukin, Vladimir P. Kalosha, O. Markarov

In collaboration with VI Systems and the University of Warsaw, HHI has demonstrated data rates of over 200 Gbit/s for the optical short haul. This was made possible by a new generation of VCSELs with over 30 GHz bandwidth in combination with...


May 2021

Predicting the Binding of SARS-CoV-2 Peptides to the Major Histocompatibility Complex with Recurrent Neural Networks

Johanna Vielhaben, Nils Strodthoff, Markus Wenzel, Eva Weicken

Predicting the binding of viral peptides to the major histocompatibility complex with machine learning can potentially extend the computational immunology toolkit for vaccine development, and serve as a key component in the fight against a...


March 2021

Radiation pattern of planar optoelectronic antennas for broadband continuous-wave terahertz emission

Simon Nellen, Martin Schell, Björn Globisch, Robert Kohlhaas, Lars Liebermeister, Milan Deumer, Sebastian Lauck, Garrit William Johannes Schwanke

We measured and simulated the radiation pattern of continuous-wave terahertz emitters between 100 and 500 GHz. We could improve the radiation pattern by optimizing the connection between terahertz source and antenna:...



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