Recent publications

August 2022

Towards the Interpretability of Deep Learning Models for Human Neuroimaging

Simon M. Hofmann, Klaus-Robert Müller, Wojciech Samek, Arno Villringer, Sebastian Lapuschkin, Frauke Beyer, Markus Loeffler, A. Veronica Witte

Brain-age (BA) estimates based on deep learning are increasingly used as neuroimaging biomarker for brain health; however, the underlying neural features have remained unclear. We combined ensembles of convolutional neural networks with...


July 2022

Characterization of Dispersion-Tailored Silicon Strip Waveguide for Wideband Wavelength Conversion

Hidenobu Muranaka, Colja Schubert, Carsten Schmidt-Langhorst, Tomoyuki Kato, Isaac Sackey, Takeshi Hoshida, Gregor Ronniger, Shun Okada, Tokuharu Kimura, Yu Tanaka, Tsuyoshi Yamamoto

In view of application to wideband wavelength conversion, an SOI waveguide was fabricated and characterized. Conversion of C- band WDM test signals into S- and L- bands in a single waveguide is demonstrated.


July 2022

DSP-Based Link Tomography for Amplifier Gain Estimation and Anomaly Detection in C+L-Band Systems

Matheus Ribeiro Sena, Ronald Freund, Robert Emmerich, Johannes K. Fischer, Mohammad Behnam Shariati, Caio Marciano Santos

In this work, we propose a spatially-resolved and wavelength-dependent DSP-based monitoring scheme to accurately estimate the spectral gain profile of C+L-band in-line Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers deployed in a 280-km single mode fiber link.


July 2022

Bayesian Optimization for Nonlinear System Identification and Pre-distortion in Cognitive Transmitters

Matheus Ribeiro Sena, Ronald Freund, Johannes Fischer, Robert Emmerich, Mustafa Sezer Erkilinc, Mohammad Behnam Shariati, Thomas Dippon

We present a digital signal processing (DSP) scheme that performs hyperparameter tuning (HT) via Bayesian optimization (BO) to autonomously optimize memory tap distribution of Volterra series and adapt parameters used in the synthetization of a...


July 2022

Toward Explainable AI for Regression Models

Simon Letzgus, Klaus-Robert Müller, Wojciech Samek, Grégoire Montavon, Patrick Wagner, Jonas Lederer

While such Explainable AI (XAI) techniques have reached significant popularity for classifiers, so far little attention has been devoted to XAI for regression models (XAIR). In this review, we clarify the fundamental conceptual differences of XAI...


June 2022

Adaptive Differential Filters for Fast and Communication-Efficient Federated Learning

Daniel Becking, Karsten Müller, Heiko Schwarz, Heiner Kirchhoffer, Gerhard Tech, Wojciech Samek, Paul Haase

Federated learning (FL) scenarios inherently generate a large communication overhead by frequently transmitting neural network updates between clients and server. In this work, we propose a new scaling method operating at the granularity of...


June 2022

Communication-Efficient Federated Distillation via Soft-Label Quantization and Delta Coding

Felix Sattler, Wojciech Samek, Arturo Marban, Roman Rischke

Communication constraints prevent the wide-spread adoption of Federated Learning systems. In this work, we investigate Federated Distillation (FD) from the perspective of communication efficiency by analyzing the effects of active...


June 2022

Multiparametric MRI for characterization of the basal ganglia and the midbrain

Till M. Schneider, Jackie Ma, Patrick Wagner, Nicolas Behl, Armin Michael Nagel, Mark E. Ladd, Sabine Heiland, Martin Bendszus, Sina Straub

In this joint work with the University of Heidelberg, German Cancer Research Center, University Hospital of Erlangen we showed that multimodal quantitative MR enabled excellent differentiation of a wide spectrum of subcortical nuclei with...


June 2022

Differentially Private One-Shot Federated Distillation

Haley Hoech, Karsten Müller, Wojciech Samek, Roman Rischke

Federated learning suffers in the case of "non-iid" local datasets, i.e., when the distributions of the clients’ data are heterogeneous. One promising approach to this challenge is the recently proposed method FedAUX, an augmentation of federated...


June 2022

Causes of Outcome Learning: A causal inference-inspired machine learning approach to disentangling common combinations of potential causes of a health outcome

Andreas Rieckmann, Wojciech Samek, Sebastian Lapuschkin, Leila Arras, Piotr Dworzynski, Onyebuchi A. Arah, Naja H. Rod, Claus T. Ekstrom

Nearly all diseases are caused by different combinations of exposures. We present the Causes of Outcome Learning approach (CoOL), which seeks to discover combinations of exposures that lead to an increased risk of a specific outcome in parts of...



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