Aktuelle Publikationen

Juli 2021

Validation of two Techniques for Intraoperative Hyperspectral Human Tissue Determination

Eric Wisotzky, Peter Eisert, Anna Hilsmann, Florian Uecker, Philipp Arens, Benjamin Kossack

In this paper, we introduce and validate two different hyperspectral intraoperative imaging setups and their use for the analysis of optical tissue properties. First, we present an improved multispectral filter-wheel setup integrated into a fully...

Juli 2021

Focused LRP: Explainable AI for Face Morphing Attack Detection

Clemens Peter Seibold, Peter Eisert, Anna Hilsmann

The task of detecting morphed face images has becomehighly relevant in recent years to ensure the security of automaticverification systems based on facial images, e.g.automated border control gates. Detection methods basedon Deep Neural Networks...

Juli 2021

Overview of the Neural Network Compression and Representation (NNR) Standard

Heiner Kirchhoffer, Karsten Müller, Werner Bailer, Fabien Racape, Wojciech Samek, Shan Liu, Miska M. Hannuksela, Paul Haase, Hamed Rezazadegan-Tavakoli, Francesco Cricri, Emre Aksu, Wei Jiang, Wei Wang, Swayambhoo Jain, Shahab Hamidi-Rad

Neural Network Coding and Representation (NNR) is the first international standard for efficient compression of neural networks. The NNR standard contains quantization and an arithmetic coding scheme as core encoding and decoding technologies, as...

Juni 2021

Photoconductive THz Sources Driven at 1550 nm

E.R. Brown, A. Steiger, Björn Globisch, Daniel Segovia-Vargas, A. Rivera

In this book chapter we review photoconductive (PC) terahertz (THz) sources in the 1550-nm region. We contrast the two most common types of devices in the context of the two common implementations as PC switches and photomixers. We also...

Juni 2021

Tunable DBR Laser with Integrated Optical Isolator

Conradi, Hauke

Integration of a tunable DBR laser with an optical isolator in a polymer platform achieves 38 dB isolation over 17 nm tuning range and 5.6 mW output power. This is the first demonstrated integration of a DBR laser together with an optical...

Juni 2021

Exploring Button Designs for Mid-air Interaction in Virtual Reality: A Hexa-metric Evaluation of Key Representations and Multi-modal Cues

Carlos Bermejo, David Przewozny, Paul Chojecki, LIK-HANG Lee, Pan Hui

The continued advancement in user interfaces comes to the era of virtual reality that requires a better understanding of how users will interact with 3D buttons in mid-air. Although virtual reality owns high levels of expressiveness and...

Juni 2021

Multiparametric MRI for characterization of the basal ganglia and the midbrain

Till M. Schneider, Jackie Ma, Patrick Wagner, Nicolas Behl, Armin Michael Nagel, Mark E. Ladd, Sabine Heiland, Martin Bendszus, Sina Straub

In this joint work with the University of Heidelberg, German Cancer Research Center, University Hospital of Erlangen we showed that multimodal quantitative MR enabled excellent differentiation of a wide spectrum of subcortical nuclei with...

Juni 2021

Inverse-Designed InP-Based Polarization Rotator-Splitter

Hendrik Boerma

A size-reduced InP-based inverse-designed polarization rotator splitter is presented, being the first demonstration of a topology optimized passive waveguide component on InP. The manufactured device has extinction ratios >10dB for both...

Mai 2021

CFD: Communication-Efficient Federated Distillation via Soft-Label Quantization and Delta Coding

Felix Sattler, Wojciech Samek, Arturo Marban, Roman Rischke

Communication constraints prevent the wide-spread adoption of Federated Learning systems. In this work, we investigate Federated Distillation (FD) from the perspective of communication efficiency by analyzing the effects of active...

Mai 2021

Serial Data Transmission at 224 Gbit/s Applying Directly Modulated 850 nm and 910 nm VCSELs

N. Ledentsov Jr., Volker Jungnickel, Christoph Kottke, Jörg-R. Kropp, J.P. Turkiewicz, Nikolai N. Ledentsov, R. Freund, Lukasz Chorchos, V. A. Shchukin, Vladimir P. Kalosha, O. Markarov

In collaboration with VI Systems and the University of Warsaw, HHI has demonstrated data rates of over 200 Gbit/s for the optical short haul. This was made possible by a new generation of VCSELs with over 30 GHz bandwidth in combination with...

Mai 2021

Distributed Multiuser MIMO LiFi Networks for Industrial Wireless Communication

Kai Lennert Bober, Volker Jungnickel, Christoph Kottke, Dominic Schulz, Malte Hinrichs, Sreelal Maravanchery Mana, Sepideh Mohammadi Kouhini

LiFi exhibits characteristics that make it highly suitable as a wireless communication technology for industrial applications. As such, LiFi provides deterministic propagation, the potential for very high data density, use of license-free...

Mai 2021

Predicting the Binding of SARS-CoV-2 Peptides to the Major Histocompatibility Complex with Recurrent Neural Networks

Johanna Vielhaben, Nils Strodthoff, Markus Wenzel, Eva Weicken

Predicting the binding of viral peptides to the major histocompatibility complex with machine learning can potentially extend the computational immunology toolkit for vaccine development, and serve as a key component in the fight against a...

März 2021

A Physical Layer for Low Power Optical Wireless Communications

Malte Hinrichs, Volker Jungnickel, Ronald Freund, Jonas Hilt, Anagnostis Paraskevopoulos, Pablo Wilke Berenguer, Dominic Schulz, Peter Hellwig, Kai Lennert Bober

With the goal of enabling optical wireless communications for mobile devices, we assess a physical layer based on high-bandwidth on-off keying modulation. This allows for amplifier designs that avoid operation in a resistive mode, reducing their...

März 2021

Example-Based Facial Animation of Virtual Reality Avatars using Auto-Regressive Neural Networks

Wolfgang Paier, Peter Eisert, Anna Hilsmann

We present a hybrid animation approach that combines example-based and neural animation methods to create a simple, yet powerful animation regime for human faces. We introduce a light-weight auto-regressive network to transform our...

März 2021

Radiation pattern of planar optoelectronic antennas for broadband continuous-wave terahertz emission

Simon Nellen, Martin Schell, Björn Globisch, Robert Kohlhaas, Lars Liebermeister, Milan Deumer, Sebastian Lauck, Garrit William Johannes Schwanke

We measured and simulated the radiation pattern of continuous-wave terahertz emitters between 100 and 500 GHz. We could improve the radiation pattern by optimizing the connection between terahertz source and antenna:...

März 2021

Effects of a handlebar on standing VR locomotion

Paul Chojecki, Sebastian Bosse, Detlef Runde, David Przewozny, Mustafa Tevfik Lafci

VR becomes popular in neurological and rehabilitation assessments and exercises for controlled simulation of complex environments that are difficult to setup physically in a laboratory. For such tasks, VR systems have to meet higher requirements...

März 2021

Explaining Deep Neural Networks and Beyond: A Review of Methods and Applications

Wojciech Samek, Klaus-Robert Müller, Sebastian Lapuschkin, Grégoire Montavon, Christopher J. Anders

This paper provides a timely overview of the field of explainable artificial intelligence (XAI). It explains the theoretical foundations of interpretability algorithms, outlines best practice aspects, demonstrates successful usage of XAI in...

März 2021

A new concept for spatially resolved coherent detection with vertically illuminated photodetectors targeting ranging applications

Pascal Rustige, Patrick Runge, Martin Schell, Francisco M. Soares, Jan Krause

This paper proposes a novel approach for coherent detection with double-side vertically illuminated photodetectors. Signal and local oscillator are injected collinearly from opposite sides of the photodetector chip. The concept inherently...

Februar 2021

A Unifying Review of Deep and Shallow Anomaly Detection

Lukas Ruff, Klaus-Robert Müller, Wojciech Samek, Grégoire Montavon, Jacob R. Kauffmann, Robert A. Vandermeulen, Marius Kloft, Thomas G. Dietterich

This paper gives a comprehensive overview over classic shallow and novel deep approaches to anomaly detection. We identify the common underlying principles and provide an empirical assessment of major existing methods that are enriched by the use...

Februar 2021

Pruning by Explaining: A Novel Criterion for Deep Neural Network Pruning

Seul-Ki Yeom, Klaus-Robert Müller, Wojciech Samek, Alexander Binder, Sebastian Lapuschkin, Simon Wiedemann, Philipp Seegerer

This paper proposes a novel criterion for CNN pruning inspired by neural network interpretability: The most relevant units, i.e. weights or filters, are automatically found using their relevance scores obtained from concepts of explainable AI...

Februar 2021

Optoelectronic frequency-modulated continuous-wave terahertz spectroscopy with 4 THz bandwidth

Lars Liebermeister, Martin Schell, Simon Nellen, Björn Globisch, Robert Kohlhaas, Steffen Breuer, Milan Deumer, Sebastian Lauck

Time-domain spectroscopy with terahertz frequencies typically requires complex and bulky systems. Here, the authors present an optoelectronics-based, frequency-domain terahertz sensing technique which offers competitive measurement performance in...

Februar 2021

Inferring respiratory and circulatory parameters from electrical impedance tomography with deep recurrent models

Nils Strodthoff, Claas Strodthoff, Tobias Becher, Inéz Frerichs, Norbert Weiler

Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a non-invasive imaging modality that allows a continuous assessment of changes in regional bioimpedance of different organs. One of its most common biomedical applications is monitoring regional...

Januar 2021

InP-Components for 100 Gbaud Optical Data Center Communication

Patrick Runge, Martin Möhrle, Martin Schell, Ute Troppenz, Marko Gruner, Tobias Beckerwerth, Hendrik Boerma

Externally modulated DFB lasers (EML) and vertically illuminated photodetectors are presented. Because of their excellent high-speed behavior and operation wavelength of 1310 nm, the devices are of interest for intra-data center communication....

Januar 2021

Robustifying Models Against Adversarial Attacks by Langevin Dynamics

Vignesh Srinivasan, Klaus-Robert Müller, Wojciech Samek, Shinichi Nakajima, Arturo Marban

This paper proposes a novel, simple yet effective defense strategy for adversarial attacks on deep learning models. Our algorithm, called MALA for DEfense (MALADE), is applicable to any existing classifier, providing robust defense as well as...

Januar 2021

Inverse Design Strategies for Large Passive Waveguide Structures

Marko Perestjuk, Patrick Runge, Martin Schell, Alexander Schindler, Hendrik Boerma

Inverse design is rapidly gaining popularity for automated design of photonic components. Two methods to improve it for large passive waveguide structures are developed: Adaptive Threshold Binarization and Hybrid Optimization. To demonstrate...

Dezember 2020

Neural Face Models for Example-Based Visual Speech Synthesis

Wolfgang Paier, Peter Eisert, Anna Hilsmann

In this paper we present an example-based approach for visual speech synthesis. We combine the advantages of deep generative models and classical animation approaches to create a real-time capable facial animation framework based on volumetric...

Dezember 2020

Second Harmonic Generation in Polymer Photonic Integrated Circuits

Hauke Conradi, Norbert Keil, Martin Schell, Moritz Kleinert, Crispin Zawadzki, Ronald Freund, David de Felipe Mesquida, Martin Kresse, Björn Globisch, Lars Liebermeister, Almontaserbillah Hakmi, Madeleine Weigel

Second harmonic generation is an efficient way to create coherent radiation at wavelengths that are not accessible with standard laser sources. In this work we demonstrate second harmonic generation from 1550 nm to 775 nm in a polymer photonic...

Dezember 2020

Demonstration of Federated Learning over Edge-Computing Enabled Metro Optical Networks

Mohammad Behnam Shariati, Pooyan Safari, Angela Mitrovska, Nazila Hashemi, Johannes Fischer, Ronald Freund

We demonstrate the benefits of a federated learning framework for (re)training of global ML models over geo-distributed data sources. The demonstration is carried out on a live edge computing enabled optical networking test-bed. In this...

Dezember 2020

Predictive Resource Allocation for Automotive Applications using Interference Calculus

Daniel Fabian Külzer, Slawomir Stanczak, Renato L. G. Cavalcante, Mladen Botsov

In autonomous driving, safety-related connected applications will coexist with infotainment services. We propose a multi-cell anticipatory networking framework with interference coordination based on Interference Calculus to serve diverse QoS...

November 2020

Experimental Demonstrations of High-Capacity THz-Wireless Transmission Systems for Beyond 5G

Carlos Moises Castro Posada, Robert Elschner, Thomas Merkle, Colja Schubert, Ronald Freund

Using the concept of a “THz-Wireless Fiber Extender” it is possible to combine the flexibility of wireless networks with the high capacity of fiber-optical networks. In this article, we report on a real-time short-range demonstration of a 100...

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