Recent publications

July 2022

Toward Explainable AI for Regression Models

Simon Letzgus, Klaus-Robert Müller, Wojciech Samek, Grégoire Montavon, Patrick Wagner, Jonas Lederer

While such Explainable AI (XAI) techniques have reached significant popularity for classifiers, so far little attention has been devoted to XAI for regression models (XAIR). In this review, we clarify the fundamental conceptual differences of XAI...

June 2022

Multiparametric MRI for characterization of the basal ganglia and the midbrain

Till M. Schneider, Jackie Ma, Patrick Wagner, Nicolas Behl, Armin Michael Nagel, Mark E. Ladd, Sabine Heiland, Martin Bendszus, Sina Straub

In this joint work with the University of Heidelberg, German Cancer Research Center, University Hospital of Erlangen we showed that multimodal quantitative MR enabled excellent differentiation of a wide spectrum of subcortical nuclei with...

June 2022

Communication-Efficient Federated Distillation via Soft-Label Quantization and Delta Coding

Felix Sattler, Wojciech Samek, Arturo Marban, Roman Rischke

Communication constraints prevent the wide-spread adoption of Federated Learning systems. In this work, we investigate Federated Distillation (FD) from the perspective of communication efficiency by analyzing the effects of active...

June 2022

Differentially Private One-Shot Federated Distillation

Haley Hoech, Karsten Müller, Wojciech Samek, Roman Rischke

Federated learning suffers in the case of "non-iid" local datasets, i.e., when the distributions of the clients’ data are heterogeneous. One promising approach to this challenge is the recently proposed method FedAUX, an augmentation of federated...

June 2022

Causes of Outcome Learning: A causal inference-inspired machine learning approach to disentangling common combinations of potential causes of a health outcome

Andreas Rieckmann, Wojciech Samek, Sebastian Lapuschkin, Leila Arras, Piotr Dworzynski, Onyebuchi A. Arah, Naja H. Rod, Claus T. Ekstrom

Nearly all diseases are caused by different combinations of exposures. We present the Causes of Outcome Learning approach (CoOL), which seeks to discover combinations of exposures that lead to an increased risk of a specific outcome in parts of...

June 2022

A Benchmark Dataset for the Ground Truth Evaluation of Neural Network Explanations

Leila Arras, Wojciech Samek, Ahmed Osman

Recently, the field of explainable AI (XAI) has developed methods that provide such explanations for already trained neural networks. So far XAI methods along with their heatmaps were mainly validated qualitatively via human-based assessment, or...

May 2022

Improve the Deep Learning Models in Forestry Based on Explanations and Expertise

Ximeng Cheng, Ali Doosthosseini, Julian Kunkel

This research improves deep learning models based on explanations and expertise. The way is to set the annotation matrix for each training sample. Three image classification tasks in forestry verify the method.

May 2022

Coherent Wireless Link at 300 GHz with 160 Gbit/s Enabled by a Photonic Transmitter

Simon Nellen, Sebastian Lauck, Emilien Peytavit, Pascal Szriftgiser, Martin Schell, Guillaume Ducourn, Björn Globisch

We demonstrate a wireless link at 300 GHz using a fiber-coupled PIN photodiode as the transmitter. We achieved a maximum line rate of 160 Gbit/s with 32QAM modulation. The highest spectral efficiency was achieved with 64QAM at 8 GBaud, i.e. 48...

May 2022

Overview of the Neural Network Compression and Representation (NNR) Standard

Heiner Kirchhoffer, Karsten Müller, Werner Bailer, Fabien Racape, Wojciech Samek, Shan Liu, Miska M. Hannuksela, Paul Haase, Hamed Rezazadegan-Tavakoli, Francesco Cricri, Emre Aksu, Wei Jiang, Wei Wang, Swayambhoo Jain, Shahab Hamidi-Rad

Neural Network Coding and Representation (NNR) is the first international standard for efficient compression of neural networks. The NNR standard contains quantization and an arithmetic coding scheme as core encoding and decoding technologies, as...

May 2022

Low-Loss Bragg-ReflectionWaveguides for On-Chip Time-Bin Entanglement

Hannah Thiel, Moritz Kleinert, Hauke Conradi, Lennart Jehle, Robert Chapman, Stefan Frick, Gregor Weihs, Marita Wagner, Bianca Nardi, Alexander Schlager, Holger Suchomel, Martin Kamp, Sven Hofling, Christian Schneider

We fabricate low-loss AlGaAs Bragg-reflection waveguides for the creation of C-band photon pairs via parametric down-conversion. These photon pairs are used in a hybrid on-chip time-bin entanglement scheme.

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