Recent publications

March 2021

Radiation pattern of planar optoelectronic antennas for broadband continuous-wave terahertz emission

Simon Nellen, Martin Schell, Björn Globisch, Robert Kohlhaas, Lars Liebermeister, Milan Deumer, Sebastian Lauck, Garrit William Johannes Schwanke

We measured and simulated the radiation pattern of continuous-wave terahertz emitters between 100 and 500 GHz. We could improve the radiation pattern by optimizing the connection between terahertz source and antenna:...


March 2021

Effects of a handlebar on standing VR locomotion

Paul Chojecki, Sebastian Bosse, Detlef Runde, David Przewozny, Mustafa Tevfik Lafci

VR becomes popular in neurological and rehabilitation assessments and exercises for controlled simulation of complex environments that are difficult to setup physically in a laboratory. For such tasks, VR systems have to meet higher requirements...


March 2021

Explaining Deep Neural Networks and Beyond: A Review of Methods and Applications

Wojciech Samek, Klaus-Robert Müller, Sebastian Lapuschkin, Grégoire Montavon, Christopher J. Anders

This paper provides a timely overview of the field of explainable artificial intelligence (XAI). It explains the theoretical foundations of interpretability algorithms, outlines best practice aspects, demonstrates successful usage of XAI in...


March 2021

A new concept for spatially resolved coherent detection with vertically illuminated photodetectors targeting ranging applications

Pascal Rustige, Patrick Runge, Martin Schell, Francisco M. Soares, Jan Krause

This paper proposes a novel approach for coherent detection with double-side vertically illuminated photodetectors. Signal and local oscillator are injected collinearly from opposite sides of the photodetector chip. The concept inherently...


February 2021

A Unifying Review of Deep and Shallow Anomaly Detection

Lukas Ruff, Klaus-Robert Müller, Wojciech Samek, Grégoire Montavon, Jacob R. Kauffmann, Robert A. Vandermeulen, Marius Kloft, Thomas G. Dietterich

This paper gives a comprehensive overview over classic shallow and novel deep approaches to anomaly detection. We identify the common underlying principles and provide an empirical assessment of major existing methods that are enriched by the use...


February 2021

Pruning by Explaining: A Novel Criterion for Deep Neural Network Pruning

Seul-Ki Yeom, Klaus-Robert Müller, Wojciech Samek, Alexander Binder, Sebastian Lapuschkin, Simon Wiedemann, Philipp Seegerer

This paper proposes a novel criterion for CNN pruning inspired by neural network interpretability: The most relevant units, i.e. weights or filters, are automatically found using their relevance scores obtained from concepts of explainable AI...


February 2021

Optoelectronic frequency-modulated continuous-wave terahertz spectroscopy with 4 THz bandwidth

Lars Liebermeister, Martin Schell, Simon Nellen, Björn Globisch, Robert Kohlhaas, Steffen Breuer, Milan Deumer, Sebastian Lauck

Time-domain spectroscopy with terahertz frequencies typically requires complex and bulky systems. Here, the authors present an optoelectronics-based, frequency-domain terahertz sensing technique which offers competitive measurement performance in...


February 2021

Inferring respiratory and circulatory parameters from electrical impedance tomography with deep recurrent models

Nils Strodthoff, Claas Strodthoff, Tobias Becher, Inéz Frerichs, Norbert Weiler

Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a non-invasive imaging modality that allows a continuous assessment of changes in regional bioimpedance of different organs. One of its most common biomedical applications is monitoring regional...


January 2021

InP-Components for 100 Gbaud Optical Data Center Communication

Patrick Runge, Martin Möhrle, Martin Schell, Ute Troppenz, Marko Gruner, Tobias Beckerwerth, Hendrik Boerma

Externally modulated DFB lasers (EML) and vertically illuminated photodetectors are presented. Because of their excellent high-speed behavior and operation wavelength of 1310 nm, the devices are of interest for intra-data center communication....


January 2021

Robustifying Models Against Adversarial Attacks by Langevin Dynamics

Vignesh Srinivasan, Klaus-Robert Müller, Wojciech Samek, Shinichi Nakajima, Arturo Marban

This paper proposes a novel, simple yet effective defense strategy for adversarial attacks on deep learning models. Our algorithm, called MALA for DEfense (MALADE), is applicable to any existing classifier, providing robust defense as well as...



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