Aktuelle Publikationen

November 2022

Towards the Interpretability of Deep Learning Models for Multi-Modal Neuroimaging: Finding Structural Changes of the Ageing Brain

Simon M. Hofmann, Klaus-Robert Müller, Wojciech Samek, Arno Villringer, Sebastian Lapuschkin, Frauke Beyer, Markus Loeffler, A. Veronica Witte, Ole Goltermann

Brain-age (BA) estimates based on deep learning are increasingly used as neuroimaging biomarker for brain health; however, the underlying neural features have remained unclear. We combined ensembles of convolutional neural networks with...


August 2022

Towards the Interpretability of Deep Learning Models for Human Neuroimaging

Simon M. Hofmann, Klaus-Robert Müller, Wojciech Samek, Arno Villringer, Sebastian Lapuschkin, Frauke Beyer, Markus Loeffler, A. Veronica Witte

Brain-age (BA) estimates based on deep learning are increasingly used as neuroimaging biomarker for brain health; however, the underlying neural features have remained unclear. We combined ensembles of convolutional neural networks with...


Juli 2022

DSP-Based Link Tomography for Amplifier Gain Estimation and Anomaly Detection in C+L-Band Systems

Matheus Ribeiro Sena, Ronald Freund, Robert Emmerich, Johannes K. Fischer, Mohammad Behnam Shariati, Caio Marciano Santos

In this work, we propose a spatially-resolved and wavelength-dependent DSP-based monitoring scheme to accurately estimate the spectral gain profile of C+L-band in-line Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers deployed in a 280-km single mode fiber link.


Juli 2022

Bayesian Optimization for Nonlinear System Identification and Pre-distortion in Cognitive Transmitters

Matheus Ribeiro Sena, Ronald Freund, Johannes Fischer, Robert Emmerich, Mustafa Sezer Erkilinc, Mohammad Behnam Shariati, Thomas Dippon

We present a digital signal processing (DSP) scheme that performs hyperparameter tuning (HT) via Bayesian optimization (BO) to autonomously optimize memory tap distribution of Volterra series and adapt parameters used in the synthetization of a...


Juli 2022

Toward Explainable AI for Regression Models

Simon Letzgus, Klaus-Robert Müller, Wojciech Samek, Grégoire Montavon, Patrick Wagner, Jonas Lederer

While such Explainable AI (XAI) techniques have reached significant popularity for classifiers, so far little attention has been devoted to XAI for regression models (XAIR). In this review, we clarify the fundamental conceptual differences of XAI...


Juni 2022

Multiparametric MRI for characterization of the basal ganglia and the midbrain

Till M. Schneider, Jackie Ma, Patrick Wagner, Nicolas Behl, Armin Michael Nagel, Mark E. Ladd, Sabine Heiland, Martin Bendszus, Sina Straub

In this joint work with the University of Heidelberg, German Cancer Research Center, University Hospital of Erlangen we showed that multimodal quantitative MR enabled excellent differentiation of a wide spectrum of subcortical nuclei with...


Juni 2022

Communication-Efficient Federated Distillation via Soft-Label Quantization and Delta Coding

Felix Sattler, Wojciech Samek, Arturo Marban, Roman Rischke

Communication constraints prevent the wide-spread adoption of Federated Learning systems. In this work, we investigate Federated Distillation (FD) from the perspective of communication efficiency by analyzing the effects of active...


Juni 2022

Differentially Private One-Shot Federated Distillation

Haley Hoech, Karsten Müller, Wojciech Samek, Roman Rischke

Federated learning suffers in the case of "non-iid" local datasets, i.e., when the distributions of the clients’ data are heterogeneous. One promising approach to this challenge is the recently proposed method FedAUX, an augmentation of federated...


Juni 2022

Causes of Outcome Learning: A causal inference-inspired machine learning approach to disentangling common combinations of potential causes of a health outcome

Andreas Rieckmann, Wojciech Samek, Sebastian Lapuschkin, Leila Arras, Piotr Dworzynski, Onyebuchi A. Arah, Naja H. Rod, Claus T. Ekstrom

Nearly all diseases are caused by different combinations of exposures. We present the Causes of Outcome Learning approach (CoOL), which seeks to discover combinations of exposures that lead to an increased risk of a specific outcome in parts of...


Juni 2022

A Benchmark Dataset for the Ground Truth Evaluation of Neural Network Explanations

Leila Arras, Wojciech Samek, Ahmed Osman

Recently, the field of explainable AI (XAI) has developed methods that provide such explanations for already trained neural networks. So far XAI methods along with their heatmaps were mainly validated qualitatively via human-based assessment, or...



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