Recent publications

February 2024

Insights into the inner workings of transformer models for protein function prediction

Markus Wenzel, Nils Strodthoff, Erik Grüner

We explored how explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) can help to shed light into the inner workings of neural networks for protein function prediction, by extending the widely used XAI method of integrated gradients such that latent...


February 2024

Semantic Communication for Edge Intelligence: Theoretical Foundations and Implications on Protocols

Zoran Utkovski, Slawomir Stanczak, Johannes Dommel, Giuseppe Caire, Andrea Munari, Pin-Hsun Lin, Max Franke, André C. Drummond

Recent attention to semantic communication, driven by task-oriented solutions, aims to optimize resource use. Despite perceived efficiency gains, few practical implementations exist. This paper revisits theoretical foundations, emphasizing...


February 2024

Insights into the inner workings of transformer models for protein function prediction

Markus Wenzel, Nils Strodthoff, Erik Grüner

We explored how explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) can help to shed light into the inner workings of neural networks for protein function prediction, by extending the widely used XAI method of integrated gradients such that latent...


January 2024

Towards an AI-enabled Connected Industry: AGV Communication and Sensor Measurement Datasets

Rodrigo Hernangómez, Slawomir Stanczak, Martin Kasparick, Gerhard Fettweis, Daniel Schäufele, Rafail Ismayilov, Oscar Dario Ramos-Cantor, Hugues Tchouankem, Philipp Geuer, Alexandros Palaois, Cara Watermann, Mohammad Parvini, Anton Krause, Thomas Neugebauer, Jose Leon Calvo, Bo Chen

We present iV2V and iV2i+, two machine-learning datasets for industrial wireless communication. The datasets cover sidelink and cellular communication involving autonomous robots together with localization and sensing data, which can be used to...


January 2024

Integrated heterodyne laser Doppler vibrometer based on stress-optic frequency shift in silicon nitride

Adam Raptakis, Christos Kouloumentas, Norbert Keil, Moritz Kleinert, Hercules Avramopoulos, Panos Groumas, Lefteris Gounaridis, Christos Tsokos, Rene G. Heidemann, Madeleine Weigel, Efstathios Andrianopoulos, Jörn P. Epping, Thi Lan Anh Tran, Thomas Aukes, Marco Wolfer, Alexander Draebenstedt, Nikos Lyras, Dimitrios Nikolaidis, Elias Mylonas, Nikolaos Baxevanakis, Roberto Pessina, Erik Schreuder, Matthijn Dekkers, Volker Seyfried

We demonstrate a compact heterodyne Laser Doppler Vibrometer (LDV) based on the realization of optical frequency shift in the silicon nitride photonic integration ! platform (TriPleX). The system comprises a dual-polarization coherent detector...


January 2024

Hybrid integration of Polymer PICs and InP optoelectronics for WDM and SDM terabit intra-DC optical interconnects

Efstathios Andrianopoulos, Christos Kouloumentas, Patrick Runge, Norbert Keil, Martin Moehrle, Ute Troppenz, Annachiara Pagano, David de Felipe Mesquida, Michael Theurer, Martin Kresse, Hercules Avramopoulos, Anna Chiado Piat, Panos Groumas, Christos Tsokos, Paraskevas Bakopoulos, Madeleine Weigel, Maria Massaouti, Zerihun Tegegne, Giorgos Megas

This paper presents a hybrid photonic integration concept based on the use of a polymer motherboard, InP EML arrays and InP PD arrays to realize WDM and SDM Terabit optical engines operating at 100-Gb/s or even at 20! 0-Gb/s per lane. The optical...


December 2023

A Performance Comparison of OFDM and Pulsed PHY Modulations in Optical Wireless Communications

Malte Hinrichs, Volker Jungnickel, Ronald Freund, Anagnostis Paraskevopoulos, Maria Pontes, Marcelo Segatto, Jair Silva, Helder Rocha, Wesley Costa

Experimental tests of the OFDM and OOK-based PHYs in the Li-Fi standard IEEE 802.15.13-2023 show that the higher peak data rates of OFDM and the longer reach of OOK make them suitable for deployment in down- and uplink use cases, respectively.


December 2023

L4S Congestion Control Algorithm for Interactive Low Latency Applications over 5G

Jangwoo Son, Thomas Schierl, Cornelius Hellge, Yago Sanchez de la Fuente, Christian Hampe, Dominik Schnieders

In recent years, immersive applications such as Cloud XR have emerged, which require very low latency to ensure a high quality of experience. This paper presents a congestion control algorithm combined with L4S to achieve stable and low latency...


December 2023

Guard-ring free InGaAs/InP single photon avalanche diodes for C-band quantum communication

Pascal Rustige, Patrick Runge, Martin Schell, Jan Krause, Lorenz Eckoldt

We present a guard-ring free InGaAs/InP single photon avalanche diode with 20 µm diameter for the optical C-band. At 225 K, 25.6 µs dead time and 17% detection efficiency, the dark count rate is 3 kcps with 0.5% afterpulsing probability. This...


November 2023

From Empirical Measurements to Augmented Data Rates: A Machine Learning Approach for MCS Adaptation in Sidelink Communication

Asif Abdullah Rokoni, Slawomir Stanczak, Martin Kasparick, Daniel Schäufele

Due to the lack of a feedback channel in the C-V2X sidelink, finding a suitable MCS level is a difficult task. In this paper, we propose an ML approach that uses quantile prediction to predict the MCS level with the highest achievable data rate....



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