Focus Group on Artificial Intelligence for Health

Duration: July 2018 – present

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and World Health Organization (WHO) Focus Group on "Artificial Intelligence for Health" (FG-AI4H; see project website) is establishing a platform on which AI applications for health can be rigorously evaluated against a system of standards. The Machine Learning group provides organizational and technical support to the focus group. For the latter, this includes guidance in the selection of representative training data for evaluation of AI algorithms and enhancing the interpretability and transparency of AI algorithms.

Project partners (not exhaustive):

International Telecommunications Union, World Health Organization, EPFL, The Lancet, ACM, REDDS Capital, CAICT.


Oala, L., Fehr, J., Gilli, L., Balachandran, P., Leite, A. W., Calderon-Ramirez, S., Li, D. X., Nobis, G., Alvarado, E. A. M., Jaramillo-Gutierrez, G., Matek, C., Shroff, A., Kherif, F., Sanguinetti, B. & Wiegand, T. (2020, November). ML4H Auditing: From Paper to Practice. In Machine Learning for Health (pp. 280-317). PMLR.

Wenzel, M. & Wiegand, T. (2020). Toward Global Validation Standards for Health AI. IEEE Communications Standards Magazine, 4(3), 64-69.

Wiegand, T., Lee, N., Pujari, S., Singh, M., Xu, S., Kuglitsch, M., Lecoultre, M., Riviere-Cinnamond, A., Weicken, E., Wenzel, M., Leite, A.W., Campos, S. & Quast, B, (2020). Whitepaper for the ITU/WHO Focus Group on Artificial Intelligence for Health.

Wenzel, M. and Wiegand, T. (2019) "Towards International Standards for the Evaluation of Artificial Intelligence for Health," 2019 ITU Kaleidoscope: ICT for Health: Networks, Standards and Innovation (ITU K), Atlanta, GA, USA, pp. 1-10,

Wiegand, T., Krishnamurthy, R., Kuglitsch, M., Lee, N., Pujari, S., Salathé, M., Wenzel, M. & Xu, S. (2019). WHO and ITU establish benchmarking process for artificial intelligence in health. The Lancet, 394(10192), 9-11.

Salathé, M., Wiegand, T. & Wenzel, M. (2018). Focus group on artificial intelligence for health. arXiv preprint arXiv:1809.04797.

Contributions to the ITU/WHO focus group are published on https://itu.int/go/fgai4h/collab (free ITU account needed: https://itu.int/go/fgai4h/reg)